Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

Clinical outcomes following reverse shoulder arthroplasty–allograft composite for revision of failed arthroplasty associated with proximal humeral bone deficiency: 2- to 15-year follow-up

Published:January 25, 2019DOI:


      Patients with pain and disability due to a prior failed shoulder arthroplasty with associated proximal humeral bone loss have limited reconstruction options. Our purpose was to report the results of a large cohort of patients treated with a reverse shoulder allograft–prosthetic composite (APC).


      Between 2002 and 2012, a total of 73 patients were treated with a reverse shoulder APC and had adequate follow-up. Clinical outcome scores, range of motion, and radiographic evidence of failure were assessed. The minimum follow-up period was 2 years, with an average of 67.9 months (range, 21-157 months). Of the patients, 43 had more than 5 years' follow-up and 12 had more than 10 years' follow-up.


      The total American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score improved from 33.8 to 51.4 (P < .0001), and the Simple Shoulder Test score improved from 1.3 to 3.5 (P < .0001). Good to excellent results were reported in 42 of 60 patients (70%), 10 patients (17%) reported satisfactory results, and 8 patients (13%) were unsatisfied. Range of motion improved in forward flexion (49° to 75°, P < .001) and abduction (45° to 72°, P < .001). Revision was required in 14 patients (19%) for periprosthetic fracture (n = 6), instability (n = 2), glenosphere dissociation (n = 2), humeral loosening (n = 2), and infection (n = 2) at a mean of 38 months postoperatively. The reoperation-free survival rate of all reconstructions was 88% (30 of 34) at 5 years, 78% (21 of 27) at 10 years, and 67% (8 of 12) beyond 10 years. Ten patients had radiographic evidence of humeral loosening at final follow-up, and 2 required revision.


      The use of a reverse total shoulder APC provides reliable pain relief and improved range of motion, with an acceptable rate of complications. Although ultimate function achieved is limited, patient satisfaction remains high.

      Level of evidence


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